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Back Pain Risk Factors and Causes

Back pain can range from a dull, continuous ache to an unexpected, sharp pain that causes incapacitation. It can begin unexpectedly- from an accident, a fall, or lifting something too heavy- or it can come on slowly, maybe as the outcome of age-related changes to the spine.

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Risk Factors and Causes

Anybody can experience back pain. There are risk aspects that can increase the chances of establishing acute or chronic back pain:

  • Age- Back pain ends up being more common with older age.
  • Fitness level- Back pain is more likely amongst people who are not fit, as weak back and stomach muscles might not effectively support the spine. In addition, "weekend warriors" who go out and work out a lot after being inactive all week are more likely to suffer uncomfortable back injuries than people who make moderate physical activity a day-to-day routine.
  • Diet- A diet plan high in calories and fat, combined with an inactive lifestyle, can result in obesity, which puts extra stress on the back.
  • Heredity- Some causes of back pain, consisting of disc disease, may have a genetic element.
  • Race- Race can be a factor in back issues. African American women, for example, are most likely to establish spondylolisthesis, a condition in which a vertebra of the lower spine-- also called the lumbar spine-- slips out of place.
  • Disease- Many illnesses can trigger or contribute to back pain, consisting of different types of arthritis and cancer in other places in the body that may spread to the spine.
  • Profession- Having a job that requires heavy lifting, pulling, or pushing, especially when it includes twisting or vibrating of the spine, can cause injury and back pain. An inactive job or a desk task may also cause or contribute to pain, especially if one has bad posture or must sit throughout the day in an uneasy chair.
  • Smoking- Cigarette smoking can lead to back pain by blocking the body's capability to deliver nutrients to the discs of the lower back, in addition to straining muscles caused by duplicated coughing related to heavy smoking. In addition, smoking slows recovery and extends pain for people who have had a back injury, back surgery, or damaged bones.

Understanding the causes connected with the development of back pain is the initial step for prevention and reliable treatment.

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